Response

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A dict that contains arbitrary metadata for this request. This dict is empty for new Requests, and is usually populated by different Scrapy components extensions, middlewares, etc. So the data contained in this dict depends on the extensions you have enabled. See Request. This dict is shallow copied when the request is cloned using the copy or replace methods, and can also be accessed, in your spider, from the response. A dictionary that contains arbitrary metadata for this request.

It is empty for new Requests, which means by default callbacks only get a Response object as argument. Return a new Request which is a copy of this Request. See also: Passing additional data to callback functions. Return a Request object with the same members, except for those members given new values by whichever keyword arguments are specified.

The Request. See also Passing additional data to callback functions.

Requests and Responses — Scrapy documentation

The callback of a request is a function that will be called when the response of that request is downloaded. The callback function will be called with the downloaded Response object as its first argument. In some cases you may be interested in passing arguments to those callback functions so you can receive the arguments later, in the second callback.

The following example shows how to achieve this by using the Request. Prior to that, using Request. After 1. The errback of a request is a function that will be called when an exception is raise while processing it. It receives a Twisted Failure instance as first parameter and can be used to track connection establishment timeouts, DNS errors etc.

The amount of time in secs that the downloader will wait before timing out. The amount of time spent to fetch the response, since the request has been started, i. HTTP message sent over the network. This meta key only becomes available when the response has been downloaded. While most other meta keys are used to control Scrapy behavior, this one is supposed to be read-only.

Whether or not to fail on broken responses. The meta key is used set retry times per request. Here is the list of built-in Request subclasses. You can also subclass it to implement your own custom functionality.

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It uses lxml. The FormRequest class adds a new argument to the constructor. The remaining arguments are the same as for the Request class and are not documented here. The FormRequest objects support the following class method in addition to the standard Request methods:. For an example see Using FormRequest. Even though this is quite convenient, and often the desired behaviour, sometimes it can cause problems which could be hard to debug. Also, if you want to change the control clicked instead of disabling it you can also use the clickdata argument. Using this method with select elements which have leading or trailing whitespace in the option values will not work due to a bug in lxml , which should be fixed in lxml 3.

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The other parameters of this class method are passed directly to the FormRequest constructor. New in version 0. New in version 1. You can use the FormRequest. To change the URL of a Response use replace. An integer representing the HTTP status of the response. Example: , A dictionary-like object which contains the response headers. Values can be accessed using get to return the first header value with the specified name or getlist to return all header values with the specified name. For example, this call will give you all cookies in the headers:. The body of this Response.

Keep in mind that Response. If you want the unicode version use TextResponse. To change the body of a Response use replace. The Request object that generated this response. This attribute is assigned in the Scrapy engine, after the response and the request have passed through all Downloader Middlewares. In particular, this means that:.

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A shortcut to the Request. Unlike the Response. A list that contains flags for this response. Flags are labels used for tagging Responses. Returns a Response object with the same members, except for those members given new values by whichever keyword arguments are specified.

The attribute Response. This is a wrapper over urlparse. Return a Request instance to follow a link url. It accepts the same arguments as Request. Link object, not only an absolute URL. Here is the list of available built-in Response subclasses. You can also subclass the Response class to implement your own functionality. TextResponse objects adds encoding capabilities to the base Response class, which is meant to be used only for binary data, such as images, sounds or any media file. TextResponse objects support a new constructor argument, in addition to the base Response objects.

The remaining functionality is the same as for the Response class and is not documented here. Response uses award winning software services to provide training and support for its customers. Skip to content Discover your path to personal freedom Response offers world-class financial education, with an emphasis on learning-by-doing.


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