Some parts are implicated in psychiatric conditions like ADHD, drug addiction or compulsive behaviour disorders. Language is affected when other parts are damaged after stroke or neurodegenerative disease. A better understanding of the neural connections and networks involved should help the understanding of changes in the brain that go along with these conditions. Professor Rushworth explains: 'The brain is a mosaic of interlinked areas. We wanted to look at this very important region of the frontal part of the brain and see how many tiles there are and where they are placed.
From the MRI data, the researchers were able to divide the human ventrolateral frontal cortex into 12 areas that were consistent across all the individuals. The researchers were then able to compare the 12 areas in the human brain region with the organisation of the monkey prefrontal cortex. Overall, they were very similar with 11 of the 12 areas being found in both species and being connected up to other brain areas in very similar ways.
Gene that makes human brain unique identified by scientists
However, one area of the human ventrolateral frontal cortex had no equivalent in the macaque -- an area called the lateral frontal pole prefrontal cortex. The Oxford research group also found that the auditory parts of the brain were very well connected with the human prefrontal cortex, but much less so in the macaque. The researchers suggest this may be critical for our ability to understand and generate speech. Materials provided by University of Oxford.
Book Summary: Human: The Science Behind What Makes Your Brain Unique by Michael Gazzaniga
Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. You can unsubscribe at any time.
- Perspectives on Information (Routledge Studies in Library and Information Science).
- The Life of Kit Carson?
- The Lyme Disease Solution.
- Caught (Gemini Men)?
- Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique.
- Dan Marino!
Our best wishes for a productive day. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences Sign in. Sign me up! Triple the level of ambition to slow climate change, experts warn. You may like.
- The Analysis of Hysteria, 2nd Edition?
- Exam 77-424: MOS 2013 Study Guide for Microsoft Access;
- Game Theory and Its Applications.
- Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique;
- Industrial boilers and heat recovery steam generators: design, applications, and calculations?
- Classic Led Zeppelin III?
The Human Body. Five reasons why dancing is good for you. Can you live life upside down? Revolutionary experiments in psychology. Is arachnophobia learned or an inbuilt instinct? Michael Mosley: If you befriend your gut bacteria, could you help your immune system to thrive?
Five incredible advances in brain disease treatment. Language and social cognition fall along a continuum across species. Deception, for instance, long thought to be unique to humans, is present in monkeys and crows, which can even hide their attempts to deceive.
The Human Factor | The Kavli Foundation
Counterintuitively, much of what makes us human is not an ability to do more things, Gazzaniga writes, but an ability to inhibit automatic responses in favor of reasoned ones; consequently, we may be the only species that engages in delayed gratification and impulse control thank you, prefrontal cortex.
The attraction to stories, plays, paintings and music — experiences with no obvious evolutionary payoff — is puzzling. Artistic, representational thinking could have been fundamental in making us the way we are.
- Bonnier Corp. Website Data Disclosure;
- The Human Factor!
- Human: The Science Behind What Makes Your Brain Unique - Michael S. Gazzaniga - Google книги.
- Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique - PDF Free Download.
In a hair-raising final chapter, Gazzaniga turns to the question of whether technology may eventually make us something other than human, exploring such potential enhancements as brain implants and germ-line gene therapy, which alters the DNA in sperm, egg or embryo thus passing the changes on to future generations. But what happens, Gazzaniga asks, when we identify genes that indicate a high probability of developing diabetes or heart disease in middle age?
You may reject out of hand the idea of a neural implant, a computer chip grafted to your brain. But the lines become blurred.